On 3 April 2006, during the Forty-Fifth Annual Session of AALCO, held in New Delhi, India, a Memorandum of Understanding for the establishment of a regional centre for arbitration in Nairobi was signed by the Secretary-General of AALCO and the Attorney-General of the Republic of Kenya. The following year, on 2 July 2007 at the Forty-Sixth Annual Session of AALCO in Cape Town, South Africa, an agreement was signed establishing the Nairobi Regional Arbitration Centre.
On 25 January 2013, the Nairobi Centre for International Arbitration Act came into force. The systems and structures of the Centre were established in 2014-2015 by the inaugural Board of Directors and the Centre’s Arbitration and Mediation Rules were published in December 2015. The Nairobi Centre for International Arbitration was thereafter inaugurated on 5 December 2016.